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How to write Chinese characters well

2018-01-06 00:00:00

After a brief introduction to the history of Chinese characters, only after understanding the history can we practice Chinese characters well and inherit the essence of Chinese characters in the history of Chinese characters -- Chinese characters came into being in the late period of Yin and Shang Dynasties in about the 14th century BC, when the initial typed characters, namely oracle bone scripts, were formed. Oracle bone inscriptions are both pictographic characters, and there are still some pictographic characters like pictures in Chinese characters, which are very vivid. In the late Western Zhou Dynasty, Chinese characters developed into big Seal characters. The development of big seal results in two characteristics: first, the lines, the early uneven thickness of the lines become uniform and soft, they are drawn with the actual line is very concise and vivid; The second is standardization, the font structure tends to be neat, and gradually leaves the original shape of the picture, laying the foundation of the square character. Later Li Si, the prime minister of the Qin Dynasty, changed the big seal style into small seal style. In addition to simplifying the shape of big Seal, small Seal script has reached a perfect degree of line and standardization, almost completely separated from the picture text, and has become a neat and harmonious, very beautiful, basically rectangular square font. However, small seal style also has its own fundamental shortcomings, that is, its lines are very inconvenient to write with a pen, so almost at the same time, it also produced an official script with a body stretched out on both sides to become a flat square. In the Han Dynasty, official script developed to a mature stage, and the legibility and writing speed of Chinese characters were greatly improved. Official script later evolved into Zhangcao, and then the present grass, to the Tang Dynasty had the feelings of the writer, the feelings of the pen performance of the wild grass. Later, regular script (also known as true script), which blended official script and cursive script into its own, became popular in the Tang Dynasty. The printing we use today is a change from regular script. Between regular script and cursive script is running script, it is smooth writing, flexible pen, according to the Han Dynasty Liu Desheng made, handed down to today, is still our daily writing used to use the font. In Song Dynasty, with the development of printing, block printing was widely used, Chinese characters were further improved and developed, and a new type of writing style - typeface typeface was produced. After the invention of printing, the carving knife used to carve characters had a profound impact on the shape of Chinese characters, producing a kind of horizontal thin vertical thick, eye-catching and easy to read printing font, which was called Song typeface. At that time, there were two kinds of fat and thin fonts, fat imitation face, Liu body, thin imitation European body, Yu body. Among them, the face and the pen ton of the willow body are tall and have some characteristics of horizontal thin and vertical thick. In the Longqing and Wanli years of the Ming Dynasty, it evolved from Song typeface to horizontal thin vertical thick, font shape. It turned out that at that time, there was a popular folk Hongwu style with very thin horizontal lines and particularly strong vertical lines and flat font, such as official titles, lanterns, notices, private land boundaries, and God's master plates in ancestral halls. Later, some book carving workers created a non-facial and non-European skin shape in the process of imitating Hongwu style. Especially because of the horizontal and vertical strokes of this font, it does feel easy to carve, it is different from Seal, Li, true, and grass four bodies, do not create a grid, read pleasing to the eye, so it is increasingly widely used, has become a very popular main printing font since the 16th century until today, still called Song typeface, also known as lead font. In Chinese characters, various fonts formed in various historical periods have their own distinct artistic characteristics. For example, the seal script is simple and elegant, the official script is static and moving, rich in decoration, the cursive script is fast and fast, compact in structure, the regular script is neat and beautiful, easy to identify and write, practical, and diverse in style and personality. The evolution of Chinese characters from pictographic pictures to line symbols, strokes adapted to brush writing and printing fonts easy to carve, its evolution history provides us with rich inspiration for Chinese font design. In the text design, if we can give full play to the characteristics and style of various fonts of Chinese characters, clever use, unique idea, we will be able to design beautiful works.

Tools/Materials
1

Brush + ink + rice paper.

2

Pen + pen writing ink + large standard hard pen exercise book

3

Ballpoint pen + large block standard hard pen exercise book

4

Pencil + large block standard hard pen exercise book

Steps/methods
1

Posture The posture of writing, generally in a sitting position, the chest away from the edge of the table, the elbows naturally outward, the feet flat, the head to maintain a correct, the body slightly forward, usually one hand to press the paper, one hand to write, two eyes looking directly at the end of the pen.

2

When writing, we should pay attention to the principle of "pointing to the actual palm deficiency". Taking the brush is different from taking the pen, the brush pen should be held straight with the first section of the thumb, the index finger, relative force with the thumb, the middle finger inner hook, and the ring finger nail against the pen; Finally, the little finger is close to the ring finger, and each finger does its best, which is "pointing real"; When writing, fingers flex, palm empty, the pen will be flexible, is "palm deficiency". Writing also pay attention to the wrist method, wrist method is divided into three kinds: occipital wrist, wrist lift and wrist suspension. Wrist, elbow at the same time flat on the table is the occipital wrist method, suitable for writing small characters; The wrist is suspended, the elbow is still attached to the table is the wrist lifting method, suitable for writing medium letters; Suspension is suitable for writing large wipe, wrist, elbow all suspended, you can seek to swing freely, writing the most fluent.

3

Choose discount in the market of various calligraphy posts, how to start it, this is the key, choose a good post can increase the motivation of learning, it is best to choose an ancient small script post such as: Liu Gongquan (Liu body), or Wen Zhengming of the small script copy of Li Sui Jing are very good, modern can also choose, pay attention not to choose too much.

4

Practicing calligraphy first to practice eyes, carefully read the post, attentively watch it, see the pen, read the more the post, the higher the eye will be, you know how to write well, because the key to practicing calligraphy is to master the structure of the word, start from the basic strokes of common basic strokes: point, horizontal, vertical, skimming, folding,

5

1 Tracing is tracing red, that is, beginners in printed red letters along the handwriting with blue pen description. "Copying" refers to copying, that is, covering the fan character with transparent paper and writing along the character shadow on the paper. 2 Linpo refers to putting the calligraphy aside, watching the calligraphy written word by word on the book, this method is conducive to mastering the writing style. 3 Back post refers to the method of removing the calligraphy post on the basis of the front post, recalling the font on the calligraphy post according to your memory, and writing it on the book. Is a key step to practice good words, only to write the word carefully, bamboo in the chest, in order to write God, accurate. When writing, if you can see the exact font to write Chinese characters on the white paper, so that "into the word on the paper, into the word in the chest", the pen such as tracing red, writing a good hand is not a problem. 4 Creation. On the basis of mastering the writing method of the characters on the calligraphy sheet, I can understand the writing method of the characters not on the calligraphy sheet by analogy. According to the needs of their own expression, write a paragraph with content and its own system of text, this is the creation. If you can write a hand that is close to the calligraphy in your usual study and life, the purpose of practicing calligraphy will be achieved.

Matters needing attention
1

First, pay attention to the choice of writing instruments

2

The second attention word should pay attention to the writing posture and the method of writing

3

Third, pay attention to the practice of words to calm the heart, finish the beginning, can not be impetuous, perfunctory.

4

Fourth, be careful not to change fonts easily. Character training must have perseverance, perseverance, to practice solid in the basic skills.

5

Fifth, pay attention to the combination of learning and writing

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